It’s worth noting that 2014 marks the hundredth anniversary of the first appearance of Charlie Chaplin’s iconic character, the Little Tramp. The Tramp first appeared in a short film called Kid Auto Races at Venice which was released on February 7 of 1914 and then another short released on February 9 called Mabel’s Strange Predicament. However, today we’re going to celebrate the Tramp’s centennial a little early by marking the anniversary of the release of the movie that I believe is Chaplin’s greatest film.
I speak of course of Chaplin’s masterpiece City Lights, which was released on this day in 1931. City Lights is a simple silent, but it’s both deeply beautiful and hilarious. In it, the Tramp falls in love with a beautiful flower girl and befriends a drunken millionaire. Complications follow when the Tramp discovers that not only ins the flower girl blind, but she has mistaken him for a rich man. Soon, the Tramp learns of a Viennese doctor who can perform an operation that could cure the flower girl’s blindness. The Tramp decides that since he loves the flower girl, and she has begun to fall in love with him, he will try to find a way to raise the money needed to pay for the operation. However, he fears that the flower girl would reject a tramp like himself if she saw his actual appearance.
It’s not just the romance that makes City Lights work, it’s also the fantastic gags that Chaplin devises. When we first see the Tramp in this film, he’s sleeping in the lap of a statue that is just being unveiled to the public. The Tramp’s misadventures with the alcoholic millionaire are all uproariously funny, featuring setpieces like the millionaire’s unsuccessful suicide attempt (which ends with the Tramp getting thrown into the water) and a madcap police chase. Of course, the fact that the millionaire only remembers the Tramp when he’s drunk leads to further comic complications. The film’s greatest comic sequence comes in the form of a boxing match that the Tramp enters in an attempt to win money for the flower girl. It’s a hilarious comic ballet sequence between the Tramp, his opponent and the match’s referee.
The secret to City Lights‘ success is how it’s able to balance the film’s romantic and comedic elements. At no point is the shift from the wacky to the sentimental jarring; Chaplin is able to seamlessly blend these two elements to create a timeless film that climaxes in what many film historians consider to be one of the most touching final scenes in cinema. But don’t take my word for it, why not ask the experts? In 1963, Stanley Kubrick named it the fifth greatest film of all time, and Andrei Tarkovsky placed it in the same position in his 1972 ranking of the best films of all time. Woody Allen has named City Lights Chaplin’s greatest film, Frederico Fellini said it was one of his favorite movies and Orson Welles simply called it his all time favorite film.
What do we drink to celebrate City Lights? Why, a Charlie Chaplin of course. This cocktail comes to us from Albert Stevens Crockett’s 1931 book, Old Waldorf Bar Days. According to Crockett, this sweet cocktail was invented at the Waldorf Hotel and “named in [Chaplin’s] honor when he began to make the screen public laugh.”
- 1 ounce Sloe Gin
- 1 ounce lime juice
- 1 ounce Apricot Brandy
Shake with ice and strain into a chilled cocktail glass.
Tomorrow: A man dressed in green and his Black Beauty.